LLM – Legum Magister is the full version of L.L.M., which is a postgraduate law course largely offered by UGC as a two-year curriculum. The Bar Council of India has issued a notice prohibiting one-year LLM programmes beginning in the following academic year. In India, the LLM programme lasts two years. The course is a master’s degree programme in specialised law that is internationally recognised.
Apart from specialised legal practice, this course also provides foreign lawyers with legal training in the host country. It enables practising lawyers to simply swap nationalities and function as international lawyers for a certain country. Language skills, Austinian theory of law, and other specialization-oriented law disciplines are all included in the LLM programme. Because of the great need for LLMs in the council, employment scopes could be quite broad. Foreign law and corporate lawyers are in high demand in a variety of fields and MNCs.
In India, law degrees are issued and conferred by the Advocates Act, 1961, which is a law approved by Parliament that covers both legal education and the regulation of the legal profession’s behaviour. The Bar Council of India is the supreme regulatory authority for the legal profession in India, and it is responsible for ensuring that the legal profession complies with the law and maintains professional standards.
What is LLM?
A master’s degree in law, often known as an L.L.M., is a two-year postgraduate education in the discipline of law. LLM programmes are available to graduates who have completed a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) and desire to pursue specialised specialisations in the field of law. The programme focuses on various topics of law that the applicants have picked.
The course is intended to educate students about trademarks and trademark law in India and around the world. These programmes also teach students about numerous international treaties, accords, and conventions. Various aspects of the law are taught in the LLM curriculum, ranging from legal history to current legal limits.
As a result, the Bar Council of India sets down the minimal curriculum that must be taught in order for a school to be eligible to award a legal degree. The Bar Council also conducts periodic inspections of degree-granting schools, examines their teaching technique and curriculum, and recognises the institution and the degree it confers after determining that it satisfies the required requirements. In this regard, it collaborates with Indian universities and state bar councils.
Why Choose LLM?
It is critical to pursue an LLM course after graduating from a top legal school. An LLM programme will help you get started in your legal profession. A few of the most compelling reasons to pursue LLM programmes are listed below.
- Prepares for a Profession in International Law – LLM degrees with a specialisation in International Law will assist students in making a name for themselves in the international arena and, eventually, a career in the international legal area, ensuring a bright future.
- Your Interests Are Narrowed – Unlike undergraduate legal courses, which cover the whole field of law, an LLM allows you to specialise in a specific area. This gradually allows you to focus on the subject and give it greater attention, allowing you to become an expert at it.
- Pursue a Job in Legal Writing & Research – Depending on your LLM specialisation, pursuing LLD following your LLM can lead to a career in legal research and writing.
- Better Job Opportunities – A master’s degree in law will earn you a higher wage and provide you with more prospects than a bachelor’s degree in law.
LLM Course Eligibility Criteria
The most popular course for people interested in pursuing higher education or advancing their professions in the field of law is the Master of Legislative Law. To choose candidates for this course, each institution and university that offers it establishes its own eligibility criteria. Before applying for an L.L.M., candidates should read through all of the guidelines. A few guidelines for mastering legislative law are listed below.
- Candidates must earn a bachelor’s degree from a recognised university with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 55 per cent.
- Only individuals who have finished their undergraduate legal degree, i.e. L.L.B./B.L. Degree/5 Year LL.B. Graduate Program under the 10+2+5 pattern or an equivalent degree from a recognised university, are eligible to pursue the LL.M. programme.
- This course has no age restrictions; anyone who has finished their bachelor’s degree in law is eligible to apply.
- Aspirants from the reserved category will receive a 10% relaxation based on government guidelines.
LLM Courses Admission Process
Entrance tests are held for admission to India’s premier universities. Candidates must pass these entrance tests in order to pursue a Master of Legislative Law degree at one of India’s top universities. CLAT is India’s most well-known law school entrance exam, and its results are used by a variety of colleges to determine admittance.
Some universities hold national as well as university-level entrance examinations. Students must register for the examination on the conducting body’s official website. CLAT, AILET, and LSAT are some of the most popular entry exams. Before applying for these exams, students should review the eligibility requirements.
Distance mode of Education
For students who are unable to attend normal classes, certain universities offer a Master of Legislative Law via remote education. At the time of the examinations, students must be present. Universities also send books to students by mail. IGNOU, Annamalai University, and others are among the universities that offer distance education in L.L.M.
LLM Entrance Exams
Details about the LLM programme can be obtained on the internet. The admission exam is a written test that is administered online. Several universities are linked with several national and state-level entrance examinations. Apart from national-level examinations, certain universities offer a university-level examination for the admission process. The following are some of the most prominent LLM entry exams.
L.L.M. Course Preparation Tips
To enrol in an LLM degree programme, one must first prepare for the numerous LLM Entrance tests offered by various colleges and institutes. A few basic tips to take in order to pass the LLM Entrance Exams with ease are discussed below.
- Start Early – Every student should know when to begin studying for the LLM Entrance exams, especially in light of recent revisions in the LLM Entrance Exam Syllabus, which have made the course structure more lengthy and challenging. All LLM students who want to follow this field should plan on studying for 6 months ahead of time.
- Subject Analysis – It is necessary to be able to analyse subjects in terms of their importance. Significant disciplines like Constitutional Law, Advanced Jurisprudence, and International Law, among others, should be given more attention than less important subjects.
- Stay Current – While studying for LLM Entrance Exams, it is important to keep up with current events. In this manner, students will be up to date on all current events and will be able to cover secondary subjects as well.
LLM Course Fee structure
LLM is a postgraduate law degree with varying lengths of study. Depending on the university that offers the course, the LLM might take anywhere from one to two years to complete. LLM fees often vary from INR 50,000 to 4 LPA.
The LLM (Master of Legislative Law) programme offers a variety of specialities from which students can choose. Some of the most popular LLM specialisations in India are listed here.
- Constitutional Law
- International Trade and Business Law
- Taxation Law
- Insurance Laws
- Family Law
- Corporate law and governance
- Environmental Law
- Criminal Law
- Human rights
- Intellectual property Law
The syllabus for an LLM course differs from one college to the next. The following are some of the most popular subjects covered in an LLM programme.
|LLM (Business Law)||Law and Social Transformation in India|
Indian Constitutional Law: The New Challenges
Legal Education and Research Methodology
Law of Industrial and Intellectual Property
International Trade Law
Legal Regulation of Economic Enterprises
Law Relating to Regulatory Authorities
Alternate Dispute Resolution & Securities
|LLM (Constitutional Law)||Law and Social Transformation in India|
Constitutionalism: Pluralism & Federalism
Indian Constitutional Law- The New Challenges
National Security, Public Order and Rule of Law
Mass Media Law
Administrative Process and Judicial Control
|LLM (Criminal Law)||Theories of Law|
Life and Fire Insurance
Law of Intellectual Property
|LLM (Family Law)||Family Law I – System Scope Sources and Schools|
Family Law II – Marriage and Matrimonial Remedies
Comparative Public Law
Law and Justice in Globalizing World
Legal English and Research Methodology
Family Law III – Nuclear and Extended Family Rights
Family Law IV – Penal Laws on Family Affairs
Foreign Business Language
Family Law V – Family Property and Succession
Family Law VI – Family Disputes Resolution
Foreign Business Language
|LLM (Human Rights)||Concept & Classification of Rights|
Human Rights Concept
Concept of Human Duties
Dialectics of Human Rights
Emerging Concept of Human Rights
Human Duties, Responsibilities & its Effectuation
Human Rights & Criminal Justice
Jurisprudence & Human Rights: Lego Philosophical perspectives
Constitutional Governance of Human Rights in India
Human Rights and International & Regional Perspectives: Implementation Mechanism
International Humanitarian Law
People’s Rights to Self-determination
|LLM International Trade Law||Introduction International Trade Law|
Law and Practice in International Banking and Commercial Payments
World Trade Law
Charter Parties: Law and Practice
International Litigation and Arbitration
LLM Higher Studies
For those who want to learn more, an LLM is not the end of the road. Domain-specific certification courses are available to students who want to pursue higher education. Graduates can also get a JD (Doctor of Judicial Science) in their chosen field. The following are some of the system alternatives available to you after you complete your LLM.
- Doctor of Judicial Sciences
- Post-Graduate Diploma Certification in International Law
- American Bar Administration Paralegal Program
Law is one of the few professions that is unaffected by the recession, and opportunities are accessible in both the private and public sectors. Numerous positions for attorneys and LL.M graduates are available from the Indian government as well as several state governments.
Entrance tests are used to hire candidates for these lucrative job roles in various government sectors. Because legal affairs are a part of practically every organisation, corporations engage attorneys and LL.M. graduates to handle the organization’s legal tasks and obligations. Graduates with advanced degrees can also go into private practice and make large sums of money by practising law in various courts.
LLM Job Profiles
Aspirants are invited to apply for the following positions.
- Oath Commissioner
- Legal Document Reviewer
- Legal Consultant
- Professor of Law
- Legal Associate
- Fraud Investigator
L.L.M. Top Recruiters
The following are the recruiters for all those who are completed their LLM.
- Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co.
- AZB & Partners
- Khaitan & CO
- J Sagar Associates
- Luthra & Luthra Law Offices
- S&R Associates
- Economic Laws Practice
- Desai & Diwanji
- Talwar Thakore & Associates
Depending on the specialisation and domain, an LLM graduate’s typical pay ranges from INR 8 to 15 LPA. Experience and technical understanding of the subject are used to determine career advancement.
Salaries for LL.M graduates differ based on the type of employment they have accepted. At the start of their employment, LL.M graduates often earn between Rs. 2.5 lakh and Rs. 4 lakhs, depending on their competence. By practising law, experienced advocates can make up to Rs. 7 lakhs per year.
Legal consultants and advisers are paid well, with annual wages ranging from Rs. 4 lakhs to Rs. 7 lakhs. In this profession, magistrates and judges can earn up to Rs. 12 lakhs in compensation. Depending on their talent and expertise, private lawyers practising in the Supreme Court can earn up to Rs. 1 crore each year.
Here is given below the list of Some reputed colleges and universities to pursue LLM courses.
- National Law School of India University Bangalore
- Nalsar University of Law Hyderabad
- National Law University Jaipur
- Symbiosis Law School Pune
- Dr.Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University Lucknow
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata
- KIIT University Bhubaneswar
- Panjab University Chandigarh
- Indian Law Institute Delhi
- Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
Frequently Asked Questions
The Master of Legislative Law, or L.L.M, is a two-year postgraduate programme for students interested in pursuing higher education in the field of law and constitution.
The best subject for LLM courses is corporate law. It enables you to gain a thorough understanding of the legality of various contracts, businesses, and company regulations. Corporate lawyers earn a good salary, which is one of the main reasons why most LLM candidates opt to concentrate in this field.
An LLM will give you with advanced legal training, but it will not qualify you to practise law.
Without finishing LLB, a master’s degree from an open system will not be classified as LLM. According to the new criteria, if a student has not finished LLB/BA LLB, a Master’s degree in any specialised subject of law delivered in an open system will not be deemed an LLM degree.
A Master of Laws (LLM) is a postgraduate degree that allows you to focus on specific areas of interest while also enhancing your academic legal knowledge. With the Master of Law (General), you can choose from a wide range of modules and dissertation topics.