Career as a Teacher – How to Become, Salary, Eligibility, Types, Scope

Career as a Teacher – Throughout the beginning of time, teaching has been recognised as one of the noblest occupations. In our society, teachers have a long history of acting as social change agents. Since only a teacher combines his or her expertise to work to polish the student’s intellect & aptitude as well as to develop a varied personality, teachers have historically been seen as a benefit to society.

In India, a B.Ed is the very minimum need for employment as a teacher. Candidates who want to teach in primary and pre-primary schools must take a number of national and state-level entrance tests, including the TET, TGT, and PGT, before being accepted into different government-run primary and pre-primary schools.

About Career as a Teacher

One of the most popular careers in the world is teaching since it helps people develop their careers and instils moral values. There are many different types of instructors, from general education instructors to special education teachers, who deal with kids who have learning challenges as well as mental, emotional, and other types of physical impairments. They modify general education classes and instruct children with mild to moderate impairments in a variety of areas, including reading, writing, and maths. They also instruct kids with significant impairments in fundamental subjects like reading and communication skills. far more than the parents, who not only support children with their academics but also nurture them and aid in their whole growth.

Other types of instructors, such as preschool, primary, and secondary school teachers, are prepared to instruct at various grade levels in classrooms. Subjects like English, Science, Math, Yoga, sports, and others are taught by specialised instructors. However, in order to pursue a career as a teacher, one needed a passion for both teaching and students. Some instructors specialise in becoming special educators for educating handicapped or impaired students.

Career as a Teacher Eligibility Criteria

Candidates who want to become teachers in India must enrol in a variety of undergraduate and graduate teaching programmes at top institutes and universities. 

  • Candidates with a 12th-grade diploma can become teachers, topic experts, or special educators with requisite credentials.
  • The typical teaching programme lasts one to three years and costs between INR 8,000 to three LPA. 
  • To enrol in UG teacher training programmes, candidates must receive between 45% and 50% of the possible points in their class 12 or equivalent examinations. 
  • The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET), State Teacher Eligibility Test (STET), and UGC-NET are some of the national entrance exams that candidates must take.

What does a teacher do?

Teachers are responsible for creating and delivering memorable lessons, examining student work and offering feedback, establishing and enforcing classroom rules, exam preparation, working with teachers, staff, and administration, and attending training sessions and continuing education programmes. Depending on the age and grade of their pupils, teachers may focus on one topic or teach a variety of subjects during the course of the school day.

Types of teachers:

1.    Pre-primary teacher

2.    Primary teacher

3.    Secondary teacher

4.    Senior secondary teacher

5.    Special teacher

Salary and Types

The average salary of a teacher in India is INR 2.90 LPA, which varies on various aspects such as experience, designation, sector and the regions of India.

  • Pre-Primary School Teachers – The teacher deal with students from 3 to 5 years and introduce the first elementary concepts of the alphabet.

Average Annual Salary – INR 3.5 LPA

  • Primary School Teachers – The teacher deal with students of 6 to 12 years and introduce computers, life skills, etc.

Average Annual Salary – INR 4.5 LPA

  • Secondary School Teachers – The teacher teach students from classes 6th to 10th and are responsible for building a deep knowledge of students’ lives.

Average Annual Salary – INR 4.68 LPA

  • Special Educators are teachers – The educator who works with students who have disabilities. The average annual salary of a Teacher in India is INR 5.3 LPA.

Average Annual Salary – INR 5.3 LPA

How to Become a Teacher After 12th?

Following completion of the Class 12th board examinations, the following are some of the most important procedures that must be taken in order to become a teacher for your reference:

UG Preparation: In India, one can either begin teaching after passing the 10+2 examinations or while still studying it. Aspirants seeking to teach employment with the government must hold a B.Ed. and be eligible to appear for admissions tests like the CTET, TET, and STET.

PG Preparation: Some colleges mandate the presence of a post-graduate instructor on their campus. Admission to graduate programmes requires passing the entrance exams.

Career as Teacher Courses

Candidates must pursue a B.Ed programme after completing their UG degree in order to become teachers in India. Candidates for teaching in the pre-primary and elementary grades must have a bachelor’s degree in education. To progress in grades, students must get advanced degrees.

  • BA BEd Integrated Course 
  • B.Sc and B.Ed Integrated Course 
  • (D.El.ED.)Diploma in Elementary Education 
  • (B.P.ED) Bachelor of Physical Education 
  • (B.ED.)Bachelor of Education 

Some advanced courses:

Here is given below some advanced courses in the field of teaching.

●     MA Education

●     M.Ed

●     M.Sc Education

●     M.Phil in education

●     Assistant professor

Career as a Teacher Entrance Exams

Numerous entrance exams are held by the State and National governments for people interested in careers as teachers. Some of them are following.

  • Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) – It is conducted by both the Central and State govt. In India it is divided into two parts Exam 1 and Exam 2.
  • Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) – It is conducted by CBSE for schools of the Central Govt. of India. Candidates must have CTET clearance to teach at UT-accredited institutions.
  • State Teacher Eligibility Test (STET) – It is offered by the Indian State Government to people looking to pursue a career as teachers in their states.
  • National Eligibility Test (NET) or UGC-NET – It is conducted by Universities and colleges for those candidates who are seeking a career as Assistant Professor or Junior Research Fellowship.

Skills required to become a teacher:

 These are the following skills are required to become a good teacher.

  • Leadership
  • Critical Thinking
  • Patience
  • Communication
  • Organisational Skills
  • Empathy, Teamwork
  • Time Management

Benefits of becoming a teacher

You can decide if this job path is perfect for you by understanding the advantages of a teaching profession. Among the advantages of being a teacher are:

  • Ability to assist others: Teachers can find satisfaction and emotional fulfilment in their job by having a strong desire to help others and provide guidance. This can lead to increased life happiness and a sense of professional purpose.
  • Time off: Teachers get plenty of time off from their classes, allowing them to maintain a good work-life balance and avoid burnout.
  • Job security: Another amazing benefit of the teaching profession is its job stability. Teaching is a valuable service, and experienced educators are in high demand. No matter how the economy or job market changes, you should have no trouble obtaining and keeping a job as a teacher. This indicates a consistent income and less stress from the search for a regular job.

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